What type of prosthetics should I choose – a more modern implant or a traditional, easier to install and affordable bridge prosthesis? Despite the huge popularity of implants recently (and quite understandable, since the technology has many advantages), bridges are not a thing of the past. Orthopedic dentists at the Clinic quite often install them when after consultation it becomes clear that this is the most comfortable option for the patient.
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Unambiguously answer the question “what is better?” not allowed. It depends on the patient’s state of health, his age, expectations from treatment, and other factors. Each type of treatment has its advantages.
Bridge requires teeth
Dentures: who is it for?
This technology has been used for many decades. Now the quality of crowns and work is at such a high level that aesthetically and functionally the bridges perfectly compensate for the lack of teeth and serve for many years.
Preparation for the installation of bridges consists of two stages:
Modeling and manufacturing of crowns taking into account the shape, size and color of the patient’s teeth.
If you want, before choosing a color, you can carry out professional brushing and whitening. In this case, the result will be aesthetically a lot more attractive. But you need to regularly bleach, so that natural teeth remain as white as when choosing the color of the crowns.
The turning of the teeth on which the prosthesis will be installed.
For installation requires turning the nearest healthy teeth. Thus, the bridge can replace several missing teeth.
This process does not affect the roots and gums, does not require healing. After installation, the prosthesis should fit perfectly to the gum and not cause irritation. The addictive period usually passes quickly.
The main difference between implantation is the implantation of a titanium pin (implant) into the bone. That is, the implant crown does not just aesthetically compensate for the absence of a tooth – the entire structure completely functionally replaces the tooth and its root.
Implants replace both the crown and tooth root
Why is it important? Bone tissue is constantly being updated – some cells die, others, new ones, are formed. With age, the process of formation of new tissue slows down, and the bone volume gradually decreases. If teeth are missing, then in a place where there is no root, the process of tissue resorption (thinning) is faster. This affects the condition of other teeth – the blood supply to the tissues worsens, the teeth become more fragile, they are destroyed faster.
The implant completely replaces the root of the tooth: around it, bone tissue gradually compacts, the process of resorption slows down.
From the point of view of aesthetics, crowns of bridges and implants are made equally natural and beautiful. But the implant better compensates for the function of a lost tooth.
Jaw bone resorption
From the picture, the doctor can assess the condition of the jaw bone
An important advantage of implants is that the only missing tooth can be prosthetized without affecting the others. This is especially important for young people whose remaining teeth are in good condition and will not require prosthetics for many more years.
But not always one installed implant is equal to one crown (one tooth). With a complete (or almost complete) absence of teeth, the “All for 4” technology comes to the rescue , when with the help of 4 pins they fill the entire dentition.
Since such prosthetics is equivalent to surgery, preparation takes longer:
This is not only pictures and calculation of the installation site , and most importantly – a survey of the patient about his health status. Many common diseases (for example, diabetes mellitus) can negatively affect the rehabilitation process, so it is important for the doctor to take into account all the information about the patient’s health.
First temporary, then permanent crowns are made
Installation of an implant and a temporary crown.
It is carried out on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia. In the early days, you must observe a gentle regime (avoid solid, hot, spicy food, hot drinks). Antibiotics and mouthwashes are also commonly prescribed.
Setting a permanent crown.
The final stage, which is carried out after the final engraftment of the implant.
What to choose?
|– Need to grind healthy adjacent teeth||+ No need to grind adjacent teeth|
|– Serves about 10 years||+ Serves all life (guarantee – more than 50 years)|
|– Does not interfere with bone reduction||+ Replaces tooth and supports bone tissue|
|+ You can have several teeth missing in a row||+ All teeth can be prosthetized|
|+ Does not affect gum tissue, does not require rehabilitation||+ Ideal for single tooth prosthetics, for young people|
|+ Quick installation||– More traumatic installation, there is a rehabilitation period|
|+ After installation, no need to visit a doctor||– More doctor visits throughout the time from installation to completion of rehabilitation|
|+ More affordable price||– Higher price|
In general, it is implants that are currently the most promising technology. Although they require more costs at the installation stage (both temporary and monetary), in the future they pay off by serving and maintaining the health of other teeth longer. Even if at the initial stage the doctor determines that it is impossible to implant right away and bone grafting is required, it will take longer, but it will give a better result. That is, it is a more profitable investment in your health.
Do you need prosthetics? Start by consulting your dentist. and make an appointment.
For more information visit our website Versailles Dental Clinic